This month we welcome Stephen L Holland as our Guest Editor. As Comics Laureate, Stephen is our go-to expert in this ever-growing medium.
He has given us his top book recommendations and must-reads for those new to graphic novels, and we welcomed the opportunity to ask Stephen a few questions about the Comics world, the literature and his new role as the Laureate.
What makes a really great graphic novel?
Humanity. Great works speak to us about our own lives or those of others, often showing us something new about them. It doesn’t matter if they’re non-fiction, apocalyptic sci-fi or a delightfully daft comedy aimed at kids: we all need to relate to it in order to laugh or to cry; in short, to feel empathy.
In the best graphic novels the images won’t merely illustrate but illuminate what’s being said, even when they are wordless. There are few graphic novels more eloquent than Shaun Tan’s The Arrival, even though there isn’t a single word in it! It’s the biggest book of empathy that I’ve ever read, as well as one of the most beautiful.
Bad Machinery by John Allison, for all ages! It’s deliciously witty and astutely observed, plus to my mind Allison is Britain’s most communicative cartoonist, bringing everyone and everything vividly alive! Its ten totally self-contained volumes star six friends with a passion for mystery who begin aged pre-teen then wind up as early teens... but Allison wisely decided to finish the series before anyone mentioned knickers. It’s bought by adults for adults (which is a testament to its craft) but is treasured in school libraries for readers younger than 10!
There's an assumption that graphic novels are mainly aimed at boys and reluctant readers. What do you feel about this?
Like most fun assumptions, it’s false – graphic novels are aimed predominantly at adults and cover everything from contemporary fiction, crime, comedy, fantasy, science-fiction to travel and award-winning autobiography / history – but it’s an understandable assumption if all you ever hear about are the American comics in which people in colourful costumes punch each other.
But as well as an entertainment medium in its own right, Young Adult and Young Readers comics are a terrific stepping stone for reluctant readers. When I was six or seven I was a painfully reluctant reader so my Mum introduced me to comics. My wide eyes sparkled at the spectacular images and – slowly or swiftly (I don’t recall which) – I was intrigued by their written words too. It worked: I now have a degree in English Literature and History of Art, so I am 100% proof of that pudding.
Pictures! Words! What’s not to love?! It’s double the pleasure! I could leave my answer right there!
More analytically, pictures are a universal language; they speak directly, excitedly and recognisably to our souls. I unequivocally adore the written word – it is an exceptional invention for nuanced communication – but it’s representational, at one remove from our instincts, whereas we see images every day, from our first day!
As to those who struggle with dyslexia, in comics there are far fewer words in each line – within the speech balloons or thought bubbles – than there are in prose books, so it’s a lot less overwhelming.
What does the role of Comic Laureate involve?
Teaching and preaching about comics. There’s so little information out there that we certainly have our work cut out!
From there each Comics Laureate chooses their own route dictated by their individual strengths. Mine is the breadth of my knowledge (I’ve written over 20,000 graphic novel reviews) and my unbridled joy in introducing new people to comics. I’ve spent over 25 years in my own shop hand-selling hundreds of thousands of graphic novels – very often to newcomers – by presenting anyone who asks with spoiler-free show-and-tell performances of graphic novels tailored to their specific tastes. Now I want to do that all over the country wherever I’m invited.
Do you have a manifesto for your term as Laureate?
I do! I want to make a direct difference to this country’s knowledge about comics by showcasing the true quality and diversity of graphic novels, as well as exploring how they work.
My fervent hope is that this will galvanise more people to begin reading and relishing graphic novels, and inspire yet more individuals – from the broadest possible backgrounds and with an even wider range of perspectives – to start creating them. We can never have enough new voices in comics!
Additionally, like the prose and picture book industries, the comics industry is disproportionately white and that’s wrong, so I’m getting straight into urban State Schools where I believe I can make the most difference.. I began at Abraham Moss in Manchester when half the students were fasting (so their sugar levels were all over the shop!) and they were phenomenal, every single one! I hope you can hear the great big grin in my voice!
Who is your favourite graphic novelist?
Can I answer that one with a question? (That wasn’t it.) What are your five favourite songs of all time? They differ, don’t they? Depending on what mood you’re in when you’re asked... My all-time favourite graphic novelist is the last one I read who made my jaw hit the floor with their craft.
Can books compete with computer games?
Oh yes! I love computer-games, but I still switch off my console to read prose books and graphic novels voraciously because they give me something which computer games can’t: the tranquillity and space within which to engage and let my own imaginative mind freely wander.
The human imagination is the most precious gift we all have. It has achieved so much, creating all the works of art in every medium which we so profoundly cherish. Thank you for the opportunity to present the medium of comics as a new one to fire up your avid readership’s minds!
As our Guest Editor, Stephen has championed five recommended must-read graphic novels to help introduce our readers to the genre. He has also chosen a brilliant Book of the Month for June - you can read his reviews here!